Getting Started – how to use derailleur correctly
For those who are just getting started with a mountain bike, and in order to let everyone better enjoy the fun of riding, here are some tips about how to use derailleur correctly.
After riding for so long, it is found that most riders do not use the derailleur correctly, which causes unnecessary wear and tear of the chain and derailleur, and causes the performance of the derailleur to decrease after a short period of time! Now I will briefly introduce you to the reasonable use method of gear matching (27-speed mountain bike as an example): 27-speed bicycle has 3 chainrings, and there are nine cassettes behind it. It is generally considered that 3×9=27 so it is referred to as 27-speed The reasonable way to use the derailleur is to use the smallest chainring (1st gear) in the front and 5678 gears behind (as shown in the picture), the middle chainring (2nd gear) in the front, and (2, 3, 4, 5) in the rear. , 6 and 7 gears), the front is hung on the largest chainring (3rd gear), and the back is hung at 123 gears (as shown in the figure, the gears are 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.9 from small to large cassette). Will cause unnecessary wear and tear of the derailleur!
Pay attention to some problems when using the front largest chainring. Try not to use the largest rear cassette when using the front largest chainring. This way, the use of front and rear shifting will maximize the tension of the rear derailleur and the front derailleur, and the chain tilt will be more serious. , Such use will shorten the life of the chain and the life of the derailleur, and the accuracy will also be reduced! There is also the smallest chainring and smallest cassette as much as possible, because when this gear is matched, the twist of the chain is also relatively high. Not only is the chain tilted more severely, but the chain is also the loosest in this gear, and it is easy to bump Chain fight! So try to avoid using the largest chainring with the largest sprocket, and the smallest chainring with the smallest sprocket! !! When using the largest chainring, the cassette is generally used with 1, 2, 3, and gears. When using the middle plate, the cassette can be used with gears 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. When using the small disc, the cassette can be used with gears 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Using the derailleur in this way can greatly extend the life of the derailleur and its stable performance!
When riding on an ordinary asphalt road, the front chainring (operated by the left finger) is fixed in the middle (or the largest chainring (first gear)). The rear chainring (operated by the right finger) is easier to understand. The smallest front chainring is only used when going uphill. How to choose the gear ratio of the rear chainring? This is determined by the number of pedaling rotations (the number of rotations of the front chainring (center shaft) in 1 minute). So how much rotation is more suitable? It varies according to foot strength, technique, and heart and lung function. Generally, 70～80rpm is more suitable.
Note 1: The choice of speed change should be based on your own situation. For example, the middle chainring of the front gear is often used, or the largest chainring is often used. If the physical strength and foot strength are 30km/h, maybe outer is suitable? When the physical strength and foot strength are 20km/h, maybe the middle chainring is suitable? Within the range of compensation through the rear shift, choose the shift that suits you, and choose the speed and cadence that suits you.
Note 2: 70～80rpm is the general standard, some people are more suitable for 70rpm, and some people rotate more than 90rpm. The important thing is not to increase the torque to the pedal but to rotate smoothly and briskly. Don’t hurt your knees, and don’t get too tired of your muscles. Use muscles as much as possible, and pedaling with efficiency and less fatigued is a good pedaling method.
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