Why are the spokes of the bicycle crossed?

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There are many kinds of weaving methods for bicycle spokes, including direct radial weaving and tangential weaving, that is, radial and cross.

The radial weaving method is the simplest and requires the shortest spokes, but the vibration from the ground will be transmitted directly to the body through the spokes, and then to the PP of the rider.

There are many kinds of tangential weaving. This kind of weaving method has longer spokes, and the weaving method is more complicated than that in the radial direction. Among them, the most mature and most commonly used is the three-cross braiding method, that is, the spokes start from the hub to the rim, in total, there are intersection points with three spokes.

The benefits of tangential weaving are as follows:

  • It has a certain elasticity, can absorb part of the ground vibration, and is more comfortable; more importantly, the power from the rear hub can be transmitted to the rim along the tangential direction, and the efficiency of power transmission is higher. The advantages of the tangent knitting method are obvious, so it has become a common knitting method for bicycle wheels.
  • The radially braided spokes have poor resistance to the impact force from the side. If the side of the rim is hit, the rim is easily deformed. If you use a tangential weave, the spokes are staggered and overlapped. When one of the spokes is hit by a side impact, the other spoke will absorb some of the impacts below, so the rim is more resistant to side impacts.

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